Thursday, 19 February 2015
The sad loss of Oliver Rackham – one of the greatest contributors to the study of trees, woodlands and the landscape.
Oliver Rackham was one of my greatest inspirations. Before his great work “Trees and Woodland in the British Landscape”, few of us had any idea about ancient woodland; we didn't understand how special they were, few realized that woods were managed and very few understood the great historical and cultural value of woodland. Oliver Rackham opened a whole library of rich new meaning to generations of people with an interest in woodland and landscape. His books were just becoming well known as I was developing my own interest in woodlands and his sudden death after collapsing at a dinner in Leckhampton leaves a great hole were there once was the leading authority on trees and woodlands. Some great tributes have been payed to Oliver; see, for example posts by Keith Kirby and Ian Rotherham.
Friday, 13 February 2015
What Nature Does For Britain - A brilliant new book draws on the work of The Wildlife Trusts across the UK
A new book by Tony Juniper, What Nature Does for Britain, takes a fascinating journey through Britain and powerfully illustrates how we all need nature – for our health, wealth and security. He explores how nature makes us happy, helps us to feel better and is good for business too. The book also looks at how the protection of natural habitats can also provide a cleaner, cheaper water supply; how healthy soils help purify water, reduce flooding and store carbon, thus combating climate change; and how food production in the UK remains fundamentally dependent on a thriving natural world.
In the book Tony visits people and places across Britain to illustrate the social and economic benefits of landscape and habitat restoration. The book includes many examples of The Wildlife Trusts’ work such as:
· Montgomeryshire Wildlife Trust’s Pumlumon Project where landscape restoration upstream seeks to reap flood defence benefits downstream
· Yorkshire Wildlife Trust’s Potteric Carr – a beautiful urban wildlife retreat on the edge of Doncaster, designed to store quantities of water and prevent local flooding
· Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust’s awe-inspiring ospreys, eco-tourism and habitat creation with Anglian Water at Rutland Water
· Lancashire Wildlife Trust’s peatland restoration near Manchester to create fabulous habitats and store carbon at Chat Moss and other bogs
· Ulster Wildlife’s expertise in maintaining wildlife-rich farmland and the benefits of reserves like Slievenacloy
· Sheffield and Rotherham Wildlife Trust’s work to improve community greenspace, making it wilder and bringing social benefits to deprived and run-down housing estates
Stephanie Hilborne OBE, Chief Executive of The Wildlife Trusts, says: “What Nature Does for Britain is a fact-packed challenge to any preconceptions that greens spend their lives complaining. There are positive alternatives and this book makes these very clear. What Nature Does for Britain provides great material for politicians, town planners, health workers and even the Treasury to justify taking into account the true value of wildlife and natural ecosystems. Tony Juniper illustrates the folly of short-term gain strategies which damage the natural world. The tax payer is being landed with unnecessary bills now but it is the next generation that it will cost most dearly. I’m delighted that the author has chosen examples of The Wildlife Trusts’ work to illustrate the benefits of restoring our ecosystem for people’s happiness, health and for their purses.”
Tuesday, 16 December 2014
As 2014 draws to a close it might be nice to look back and see what we've done over the past year. What was 2014 like and what were some of our major projects?
The Sussex Wildlife Trust carries out a wide range of work in many different areas so it is impossible to cover everything in a short blog. However, perhaps it is worth highlighting just a few projects – with apologies to all those I miss out!
We will never achieve any nature conservation if people do not care for nature. So the starting point for all our work is to inspire, educate and motivate people about nature.
Our Wildlife Rangers and Youth Rangers are good examples of how we connect young people (from ages 12 to 25) with nature. In this programme they can get their hands dirty learning conservation skills and work as volunteers to help improve local green spaces. In a similar vein our Forest Schools programmes have been extremely valuable linking children with nature through bush craft type activities and at the very young end of the spectrum our Nature Tots events hope to spark a very early interest, maybe with mum or dad in tow as well.
We work with local communities around
with the help of funding from a range of partners. The Gatwick Greenspace project had its 20th
anniversary this year, a project that is only possible because of support form
Local Authorities and . Our
Access to Nature project, funded by BIG Lottery, enabled us to work with
communities in Gatwick
and in Brighton & Hove, a funding stream that has sadly come to an end
now. But support for a project in
Worthing (Wild about Hastings Worthing) has enabled us
to move forward there and a charitable trust has enabled us to link with
communities in Lewes as well. In
addition, projects with intriguing names like “Growing Forward”, “Nature Train”
and “Wellbeing in the Wild” have all been supported by funds from unusual
sources in order to engage with different groups of people. The key point in all these is the linking of
people to nature, doing activities to enhance nature and in the process gaining
all sorts of personal benefits.
We also have several large landscape-scale projects, improving nature further out in the wilds of
Our West Weald Landscape project, part funded by a charitable trust, celebrated its 5th anniversary this year in a major event at
Wakehurst. This is a significant lowland landscape partnership project aiming to
connect ancient woodlands and habitats covering 24,000 hectares in the Sussex
Weald. It is perhaps one of the most
important areas in Kew Gardens
for bats (and other species) and we have plotted significant population
improvements as our work has progressed. England
Starting off as a project with a focus on otters, our current wetlands projects aim to achieve habitat enhancements at a landscape scale. The Arun and Rother Connections project and the Sussex Flow Initiative are examples of how we are looking at whole river catchments in order to achieve improvements for nature. A recent change, however, has been an increasing recognition that if we improve a catchment for wildlife then it is also likely to improve it for all sorts of public benefits as well (flood risk reduction, soil erosion reduction, improved water resources and so on).
We may forget that about 50% of our wildlife (numbers of species) is actually under the sea. Our “Making Waves” project is therefore active in engaging with children to encourage them to find out about marine wildlife. Activities include “
family seaside events and “Undersea Explorers”. Wild Beach
I am very enthused by the range of work we do and the wildlife conservation activities we deliver but we must bear a sad truth in mind. The general trend for nature in
is downwards. We have many good specific examples of wildlife improvement but
nature is under massive threat and is unfortunately on a long term decline. We can celebrate the work that SWT, and other
wildlife charities, has done over 2014, but this is against a permanent need
for us to do more. And, with the help of
our members, supporters and partners, maybe we can redouble our efforts in
Monday, 8 December 2014
£15 billion to spend on vanity roads projects around the country is a clear indication that the government has given up on any serious attempts to solve congestion.
Ignoring the evidence, and years of direct experience that shows how new roads crate new traffic, government has decided to throw money we don’t have at environmentally destructive roads schemes. These will make congestion worse throughout the country – especially in
with the A27 proposals.
Look out for the inevitable consequences. You may be able to speed around Arundel (having created a swathe of damage through ancient woodland and across the Arun valley), but the increased traffic will then simply stack up elsewhere. Imagine any part of
Sussex where the traffic is already high. These will all become congested. Towns, cities, villages, country roads, even
current main roads (think how busy the Washington
roundabout is at present) will all get jammed with inevitable demands for yet
more roads. More roads, more traffic and
then demand for more roads. A familiar
and circular treadmill that we’ve been around so many times before. There really is no excuse for anyone thinking
that this will cure congestion.
It’s a huge waste of public money that could so much better be spent productively.
Cost-benefit analyses of these proposals, even when heavily loaded in favour of new roads, struggle to reach a two to one return on investment – and that’s with economic benefits exaggerated and environmental costs ignored. Compare that to investments that enhance nature (when economists bother to do the sums). When conservatively costing the benefits to people from improving the natural functioning of rivers, and the benefits to nature, we often find a return of 6:1. Environment Agency flood defence schemes are expected to achieve 8:1. A costing of the public benefits of the Forestry Commissions public forests returned about 20:1. International studies have shown that protected areas for nature return between 10:1 and 100:1 against investment.
£15 billion spent on roads will fail, wasting tax-payers money and cause economic loss rather than benefit. But even if take a glowingly optimistic return, it will struggle to deliver £30bn in public benefit. The same amount invested in nature, like for example in a public forest estate, could deliver £300bn in public benefit.
It happens frequently – governments give up on evidence and write themselves anecdotes to support what they wanted to do anyway. Eventually reality will raise its head and more sensible policies have to prevail. But that could be after another round of irreversible environmental damage and another cohort of angry business leaders annoyed at being hood-winked by false promises.
Monday, 24 November 2014
Five Members of Parliament were on the platform, and three more sent messages of support, at a mass protest meeting on Saturday 22 November organised by the Gatwick Area Conservation Campaign (GACC). That is all the MPs from around Gatwick, and helps to disprove the assumption in some national newspapers that Gatwick would politically be the easiest option for a new runway.
The MPs were united in expressing their concern about new flight paths and about the threat of a second runway. Extracts from their speeches and messages are attached.
Over 1,000 people crammed into the Apple Tree Centre in
and were welcomed by three racy air hostesses, and by the Mayor of Crawley,
Cllr Brenda Smith who later, speaking as the local councillor, expressed her
deep-felt opposition to a new runway.
Some twenty national and local environmental groups, including the Sussex Wildlife Trust, set up stands around the hall and answered questions from anxious members of the public.
Questions from the floor were answered by a panel of experts which included Keith Taylor (Member European Parliament), Cait Hewitt (Aviation Environment Federation), Sarah Clayton (AirportWatch), Sally Pavey (CAGNE), Richard Streatfeild (High Weald Parishes Aviation Action Group), and Brendon Sewill (GACC) under the chairmanship of Cllr Helyn Clack (Surrey County Council).
The meeting unanimously held up large cards saying NO when asked if they were in favour of new flight paths, and held up the NO cards again when asked if they were in favour of a second runway.
The afternoon concluded with 1,000 people singing ‘What shall we do with
’ to the tune of the Drunken
Sailor. Gatwick Airport
Extracts from MPs’ speeches and messages
Cabinet member Rt Hon Francis Maude (Horsham) was abroad on Government business but sent a message: ‘As you know, I have always opposed a second runway at Gatwick. We all know that there are big advantages for our area in having a successful airport as a centre for jobs and business, and I support Gatwick's expansion as a single runway airport. That remains my view.’
Crispin Blunt MP (
told the meeting why he had organised the Gatwick Co-ordination Group of MPs –
because a second runway would be a 'disaster for surrounding communities and
environment.' Many areas are
being ‘appallingly affected by PRNAV’ [the new system of concentrated
Nicholas Soames (Mid
second runway would be a disaster for our local environment. … 120,000 extra people
- where they are expected to go is beyond me…. The London
to Brighton railway line is already at full
capacity - impossible to upgrade sufficiently. .. We must oppose this with all
the power we have.’
Henry Smith (Crawley) noted that 'public opinion in
is divided. … There would be a significant impact on housing and infrastructure
- school places, GP surgery sizes, healthcare – a need for a new hospital. … Gatwick
have not made the case for expansion here.’
Sam Gyimah (
sent a message: New flight paths have caused misery for my
constituents, which is why I have called for Gatwick to abandon its
implementation of the PRNAV system. I would like to congratulate GACC for
organising this meeting, and your ongoing work to hold Gatwick to account over
these changes and the possibility of a second runway, which could cause
significant environmental damage and pressure on local infrastructure.
SirJohn Stanley (Tonbridge) sent this message: ‘I am totally opposed to Gatwick’s new flight path proposals which will make the already intolerable noise disturbance still more intolerable. I am also totally opposed to a second runway at Gatwick.'
Charles Hendry (Wealden) commented on ‘the extraordinarily huge meeting here today. ... Gatwick has not been straight with us and are not good neighbours. If they are not good neighbours today, then the possible doubling in size is intolerable. A second runway does not make economic sense and it does not make environmental sense.’
Sir Paul Beresford (
the meeting that a second runway would mean 'putting a city on
Gatwick'....'public transport links are already overburdened'... 'M25 is a
parking lot'.........'national businesses are not impressed with Gatwick's
proposal.’ Mole Valley
A list of the stands, and text of the air hostesses’ announcement can be found on www.gacc.org.uk/latest-news
Monday, 10 November 2014
The West Sussex Environment and Climate Change Board (ECCB) brings together several organisations from across the County to ensure the challenge of Climate Change is recognised and addressed in
Sussex. One issue that has
a significant effect on our carbon footprint, and therefore how we effect
climate change, is food. The ECCB
therefore established it’s Food Group.
The Food Group is intended to enable and encourage new thinking around local food and drink; why it is important to us as individuals and to the West Sussex Economy. We are the newest sub-group of the ECCB and are currently working on a Sustainable Food Plan for
Sussex. This plan aims
to reduce the food-related carbon and ecological footprint of the County by
working to the following principles:
- Raise awareness of what local, seasonal and sustainable food means and ensure it is promoted and celebrated by residents and visitors
- Enhance education and skills training through high quality information
- Encourage the development of market places to help people get access to local food and drink
- Address issues of health and obesity in relation to diet
- Work with WSCC Waste Services to help residents, businesses and public sector to reduce, redistribute, recycle, reuse food waste
The Sustainable Food Plan will help to reduce the food-related carbon and ecological footprint of the County. Can you help us to make it better? A consultation on this plan is now open and will run until the 15th December. We will then write a report of all responses, ensuring anonymity, which will be available by 12th January 2015.
Through this survey, we would like to ask you for your thoughts on the document, whether you can help us, what projects are already being carried out and any ideas you may have on how we can raise awareness and get more people involved.
Your views are important to us. Please take a few minutes after reading the draft plan to complete this online survey.
Friday, 7 November 2014
It makes sense doesn't it? You’re caught in a traffic jam; clearly we need a bigger road, or a new road, or a road somewhere else. And, of course, if there was another road then all the other cars would use it, relieving congestion everywhere.
A big, new road is something simple and obvious; you can put a ribbon across it and declare it open, to a fanfare of appreciation from an appreciative economic sector who are now happy (until the next time).
The Department for Transport in developing its A27 feasibility study also seem to be swallowing all these old assumptions. But life, however, is not that simple. Simple solutions to complex problems are always wrong.
As in the past, environmental concerns are pushed to one side. One option for the Arundel bypass will cause the greatest loss of ancient woodland in
Sussex for the last 20 years;
the other will destroy the setting of two villages. But to some this is a price worth paying in
order to relieve congestion and stimulate the economy.
So we get back to the old “your money or your life” approach of balancing the economy against the environment.
However, whilst the environmental costs are measurable, severe and obvious; the economic benefits are shrouded in mystery, assumption and pre-conception.
Economic benefit is based reduced travel times and perception surveys about how much better business would be if congestion was removed. Ask a business how much better life would be and you get an obvious answer; so arguments build up to support a road-building case. Businesses, however, need real solutions and views very quickly change when the reality of a situation becomes clear.
Road building does not deliver the relief of congestion that is generally claimed – quite the reverse.
Roads generate new traffic and that creates new, and worse, congestion. This is not the view of an “anti-road green group” but the clear conclusion of study after study. For an excellent outline of this “induced traffic” phenomenon read this article by Professor Phil Goodwin, a lead author of one of these studies.
“An average road improvement, for which traffic growth due to other factors has been forecast correctly, will see an additional 10% of base traffic in the short term and 20% in the long term”. This is the conclusion of the Standing Advisory Committee on Trunk Road Assessment in 1994. The same study also looked at roads surrounding trunk road improvements – their use went up on average by 16%. So, the roads that are supposed to be relived by a new road receive 16% more traffic than the predicted increase.
Even in the unlikely event that the A27 flows more freely following enlargement, surrounding roads in towns, countryside and villages will receive more traffic, more congestion, more hold-ups and more pollution.
What is more, this sort of conclusion, with these sorts of figures, has been reached again and again, on average every 8 years since 1925!
About every 10 years we go through the same process. First we insist on forgetting the lessons of the past and push for new roads. Roads get built, the environment suffers more damage, traffic gets worse and congestion increases. This results in demands for yet more roads and more environmental damage until, eventually we have to realise the reality of the situation and seek more sophisticated solutions.
Interestingly, Phil Goodwin’s article was written in 2006, the last time we went through this repeating process.
The editors comment at the end was interesting –
“Don’t lose this – we might need to publish it again in 2014”!!